Our Silt Curtain is a  control device used on construction sites to protect water quality in nearby rivers, streams, lakes and seas from sediment or loose soil in storm water runoff. Silt curtains are also called as Silt fences, or Turbidity curtains. These are widely used for temporary sediment control due to their low cost and simple design. However, their effectiveness in controlling sediments can be limited, due to poor installation, placement, or improper maintenance.

A silt curtain, also known as a turbidity curtain or sediment curtain, is a temporary barrier or containment system designed to control sediment movement in aquatic environments. It is commonly used in construction, dredging, and marine activities to prevent sediment and other suspended particles from spreading and settling in surrounding water bodies. Here are some key points about silt curtains:

  1. Purpose: The primary purpose of a silt curtain is to minimize the impact of sediment discharges on water quality. Sediments stirred up during construction or dredging projects can cloud the water, reduce light penetration, harm aquatic ecosystems, and clog the gills of fish and other organisms.
  2. Design: Silt curtains are typically made of a fabric material that allows water to pass through but traps suspended particles like silt, clay, and sand. They are often buoyant, with floats or floats along the top edge, keeping the curtain vertical and close to the water’s surface.
  3. Installation: Silt curtains are installed by deploying them from a boat or other suitable vessel and anchoring them to the bottom with weights or other secure methods. The curtain forms a barrier around the construction or dredging area, containing the sediment within the enclosed space.
  4. Effectiveness: The effectiveness of silt curtains can vary depending on factors such as water current speed, sediment concentration, and the quality of the curtain itself. In ideal conditions, silt curtains can significantly reduce sediment dispersion and protect nearby aquatic environments.
  5. Maintenance: Proper maintenance is crucial to ensure the continued effectiveness of silt curtains. Accumulated sediment on the curtain should be removed regularly to prevent overtopping or sinking, which could lead to sediment escaping the containment area.
  6. Environmental Regulations: Many countries and jurisdictions have specific environmental regulations and guidelines regarding the use of silt curtains in construction and dredging projects. Compliance with these regulations is essential to protect aquatic habitats and maintain water quality.

It is worth noting that while silt curtains are a valuable tool in mitigating sediment pollution, they are not a permanent solution. To ensure the long-term protection of aquatic environments, it is essential to adopt best practices in construction, dredging, and other activities that can generate significant sediment discharges. Additionally, sediment control measures should be implemented in conjunction with other environmental protection strategies to minimize the overall impact on water ecosystems.

There are several types of silt curtains available, each designed to address specific environmental conditions and project requirements. The main types of silt curtains include:

  1. Type I Silt Curtain: This type of silt curtain is designed for use in calm or low-flow environments, such as small ponds, lakes, and calm coastal waters. It typically features a lightweight fabric and may have a relatively low height and ballast weight.
  2. Type II Silt Curtain: Type II silt curtains are suitable for areas with moderate water flow, such as rivers, estuaries, and harbors. They are more robust than Type I curtains, with increased ballast weight and enhanced fabric strength to withstand moderate currents.
  3. Type III Silt Curtain: Type III silt curtains are heavy-duty curtains designed for use in areas with high water flow and challenging conditions, such as fast-flowing rivers, tidal zones, and open sea environments. They have a sturdy construction, higher ballast weight, and durable fabric to withstand strong currents.
  4. Permeable Silt Curtain: Permeable silt curtains are designed to allow water to pass through while trapping sediment particles. They are used in areas with high flow rates to minimize water pressure buildup behind the curtain.
  5. Impermeable Silt Curtain: Impermeable silt curtains do not allow water to pass through and are used when complete containment of sediment is necessary. They are commonly used in still water bodies and areas where water exchange is limited.
  6. Benthic Silt Curtain: This type of silt curtain extends from the water surface to the bottom, providing additional protection for benthic (bottom-dwelling) organisms by preventing sediment from settling on the seabed.
  7. Floating Silt Curtain: Floating silt curtains are buoyant throughout their length, designed to remain near the water’s surface. They are effective in controlling suspended sediments in the water column.
  8. Self-Contained Silt Curtain: Self-contained silt curtains have built-in floats and ballast, making them easier to deploy and retrieve. They are often used in smaller projects or where quick installation is required.

The choice of silt curtain type depends on various factors, including the water flow rate, environmental conditions, sediment concentration, and project requirements. It is essential to select the appropriate type of silt curtain to ensure its effectiveness in containing sediment and protecting the surrounding aquatic ecosystem during construction or dredging activities.